Types of Hair Loss

Hair loss, sometimes referred to as alopecia is a condition that is caused by a disruption in the body’s process of hair growth. The loss of hair can happen anywhere in the body, but most often, it affects the scalp. The scalp is covered with 100,000 hairs which are constantly growing and resting, shedding and growing back.

The hair growth cycle is comprised of 3 phases. In the anagen stage hair is growing rapidly. This can last for a long time. In the catagen stage hair is stopped growing and is separated from its follicle which is the part of the skin that keeps hair in place. The catagen period lasts around 10 days. In the telogen stage, the hair follicle will rest for a period of two or three months. After that, the hair is shed. The next anagen phase starts when a new hair is growing within the same hair follicle. The majority of people lose between 50 and 100 hairs each day in an organic cycle.

If the cycle is disturbed or if a folliculum is damaged, hair could start to fall out more rapidly. Than it grows back which can cause signs like a receding hairline and the hair falling off in patches or even a general loss of.

The loss of hair could be due to genetics in a person’s life. But a myriad of physical and mental disorders can affect the cycle of growth and lead to loss of hair. At Hair Transplant Los Angeles, dermatologists specialize in hair and scalp conditions and are able to identify the cause of loss in hair, and the cause.

Androgenetic Alopecia

Androgenetic alopecia is by far the most frequent kind of hair loss. Which affects greater than 50 million males and 30 million females in the United States. It is commonly referred to as male-pattern hair loss (also known as female pattern) or male pattern androgenetic alopecia can be genetically inherited however it can be treated through surgery or medication.

Male pattern hair loss

In men, the loss of hair begins at any time following puberty and continues to decline through the years or even decades. It starts at the temples and then continues to the edges and at the upper part of the scalp. It is usually leaving a hair ring at the base of the head. A lot of men suffering from men’s pattern loss of hair will eventually go the hair loss is permanent.


Female Pattern Hair Loss

For women, hair slowly shrinks across the entire scalp, however, the hairline isn’t always receding. Women often experience this type of loss of hair as a normal part of aging, but hair loss can begin at any point after puberty. Hair loss in the female patterns may cause hair to thin significantly, but it is rare that it will it cause baldness.


Telogen Effluvium

Telogen effluvium is a kind of hair loss that occurs when large amounts of hair scalp hair follicles begin to enter the resting phase of the cycle of hair growth called telogen. Yet the next growth phase does not start until. The result is that hair falls out across the scalp, leaving no new hair growth.

Telogen effluvium is not usually able to result in complete baldness but you can lose up to 500 hairs a day. Hair may appear thin, especially around the temples and the crown.

A medical issue or circumstance, such as thyroid imbalance or childbirth, surgery or fever, usually causes this kind of loss of hair. Telogen effluvium can also happen due to an iron or vitamin deficiency insufficiency is the most common cause of hair loss among women. It could also be due to taking certain drugs like isotretinoin. Which is prescribed to treat acne or warfarin, which is a blood thinner. The decision to stop or start oral contraceptives (birth pills for controlling birth) could also trigger this kind in hair loss.

Telogen effluvium generally occurs three months following an event that is medical. If the trigger incident is not permanent, such as after you recover from illness or cease taking the medication that causes the loss of hair–your hair might be restored in six to six years. Telogen effluvium is regarded as chronic when hair loss continues for more than six months.

There are many reasons for this. While they’re not clear to medical professionals, this kind of loss of hair may persist for a long time in certain people. If the hair isn’t growing by itself dermatologists may recommend treatments that may be beneficial.

Anagen Effluvium

Anagen effluvium can cause rapid hair loss that results from medical treatments, like chemotherapy. The powerful and quick-acting drugs eliminate cancerous cells, however, they also can inhibit hair follicle growth in the scalp as well as other areas in the body. When chemotherapy is over hair tends to grow naturally. Dermatologists can prescribe medications to aid in the growth of hair faster.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata (also known as Alopecia) is an auto-immune disease, meaning that the immune system of the body is attacking healthy tissues, such as hair follicles. The result is that hair falls out and blocks any new growth in hair.

This can affect both children and adults alike and hair loss can occur suddenly at any time and with little warning. The hair on the scalp usually disappears in tiny patches and isn’t painful. The hair on other parts of the body like the eyelashes and eyebrows could also be shed. As time passes, this condition could lead to alopecia completes which is a complete loss of hair.

Dermatologists treat alopecia with medications that can aid in the growth of hair. If you’re looking to connect with other patients suffering from Alopecia Areata, NYU Langone hosts a monthly support group for those who suffer from this disease.

Tinea Capitis

Tinea capitis, also known as scalp Ringworm is a fungal infection of the scalp which is the most common cause of loss of hair among children. The condition causes hair to shed in little patches, and sometimes circular, resulting in hair loss spots that can become larger over time.

The affected areas are usually as if they are scaly or red. the scalp might be itchy. The appearance of blisters or sores that leak pus can also form in the hair. Children with this disorder may also have swelling glands on the neck’s back or have a fever of low grade because of an immune system that fights off the disease.

Dermatologists may prescribe an antifungal medicine that is taken orally to get rid of the yeast. If tinea capitis can be identified and treated in the early stages, many children will have great hair growth.

Cicatricial Alopecia

Cicatricial Alopecia, also known as scarring alopecia is a rare form of loss of hair in which inflammation damages hair follicles. And triggers scar tissue to develop in its location. When scar tissue is formed hair does not grow back.

It can start in a way that isn’t evident, or hair could begin to fall out in a single. Other signs include extreme swelling, itching, and white or red spots on the scalp that could look like an itchy rash. The loss of hair is common at any time and can affect both genders.

Treatment is based on the kind of cicatricial alopecia that is causing the symptoms. Our doctors have many years of experience in treating patients suffering from cicatricial alopecia. They can suggest various treatment options to treat you. Some types of cicatricial hair loss include:

Lichen Planopilaris

Which is a form of alopecia that occurs when the common skin condition, known as lichen planus, strikes the scalp. Lichen planopilaris could cause a dry, flaky rash appearing on the skin, which results in hair falling off in clusters. The scalp can also turn red, irritated and covered with small red or white itchy burning, painful bumps.

Lichen planopilaris isn’t common and is more prevalent in women than males. Doctors may prescribe medications to stop loss of hair.

Discoid Lupus Erythematosus

Discoid lupus , also known as dlps, is form of cutaneous Lupus which is an auto-immune disease with a skin-related effect. It can cause painful sores that are inflamed and also scarring the face, ears, and scalp. Hair loss is a symptom of the condition. When scar tissue develops over the head, the hair may not be able to grow in the region.

Folliculitis Decalvans

Hair loss due to folliculitis decalvans, an inflammatory condition. That causes the degeneration of the hair follicles is typically associated with swelling, redness and scalp lesions. That can be itchy or have pustules, also commonly referred to as pustules. This kind of loss isn’t reversible, but dermatologists are able to prescribe medications to manage signs and symptoms. They can also, in certain cases, slow the progress in the loss of hair.

The Dissection of Cellulitis from the Scalp

Cellulitis that is dissecting the scalp is a rare ailment that can cause lumps or pustules to develop around the head. This condition can result in scar tissue forming that can damage hair follicles, and result in hair loss. Certain medications may ease symptoms.

Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia

Frontal fibrosing is alopecia that typically happens in a receding pattern of the hairline and can cause hair loss from the underarms and eyebrows. Alopecia caused by frontal fibrosing typically is experienced by postmenopausal women. Certain medications can help manage symptoms and prevent the progress of the condition. The exact cause isn’t known.

Central Centrifugal Cicatricial Alopecia

Central centrifugal cicatricial hair loss can be the result of hair products or techniques that cause damage to hair follicles. Hair relaxers and blow dryers, curling irons, and extensions can result in central centrifugal cicatricial hair loss, and so can the process of making permanent waves, or”perm. “perm.”

The repeated use of gels, oils, or pomades could also contribute to this condition. It could be reversed by stopping applying these products to your hair or hairstyling techniques. Dermatologists may suggest using medication to aid in hair growth.

Hair Shaft Abnormalities

Many kinds of hair shaft anomalies can cause hair loss. The conditions can cause the strands of hair to shrink and weaken which makes them more prone to breakage. Hair loss does not occur in the hair follicle itself but is the result of a fracture in the hair shaft which is the visible portion of the hair strand. The result is generally loss of hair, as well as in the case of many tiny bristles.

Making small modifications to how you style and care for your hair may reverse hair shaft problems. Some conditions might require medical treatment. The types of hair shaft abnormalities include:

Loose Anagen Syndrome

Loose anagen syndrome, which typically manifests in infants, happens when hair that’s not properly rooted within the follicle is pulled out quickly. Most often hair sheds when it reaches an indeterminate length. Children suffering from loose anagen syndrome typically are unable to develop hair beyond a small length. This is most often the case for girls with brown or blond hair.

For those with loose anagen disorder, hair may be lost easily, even when it’s growing. For instance, loss of hair can increase overnight due to the friction caused by pillows. The reason for loose anagen syndrome remains unclear however it could be due to a defect within the hair-growth cycle that prevents hair from remaining in the hair follicle.

There are several effective solutions. However, the condition generally improves significantly with puberty. Additionally, certain medications can lead to greater hair growth.


The people suffering from trichotillomania are able to are prone to pulling their hair out and have a difficult time deciding when to stop. The result is loss of hair on the scalp or other parts of the body. The hair will usually return once the pattern is stopped however, the loss of hair can be permanent if the pulling persists for a long time.

The best way to treat this problem is probably psychotherapy. This may involve talking to an expert about the causes of stress and the reasons you are tempted for pulling your hair. The doctors at our clinic can send you to a therapist who is trained in this type of condition.

Traction Alopecia

Certain hairstyles, such as braids and ponytails that are tight, can pull hair from the scalp in such a way that hair strands get damaged and fall off. If hairstyles aren’t altered and alopecia traction is a problem, it can result in hair loss or hair loss in spots. In most cases, hair will grow back once changes the hairstyle.


The rare condition of hypotrichosis can be described as a genetic disorder that causes hair to be thin and slender develops on the scalp and body. The babies born with this condition might have normal hair growth initially however, the hair begins to fall out after a couple of months and is replaced with slack hair.

A lot of people suffering from hypotrichosis go growing hair loss by the age of 25. There are few options for treatment for this condition, however certain medications can help grow or thicken hair.

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