What are the Different Types of Piles or Haemorrhoids?

Patients suffering from piles or haemorrhoids usually do not like talking about them. It is because the situation can sometimes be embarrassing, inconvenient, and painful. There is nothing to be embarrassed by as every person in every 20 Indians suffers from the same. 

If this is left untreated, there are greater chances of inviting more significant risks in the latter part of life. Haemorrhoids might look identical, but the symptoms are not always the same. There are four different varieties of haemorrhoids, all of which are treated by professional gastroenterologists.

This article will provide information regarding the types of haemorrhoids. Read through.

What are Piles of Haemorrhoids?

Every person on earth is born with haemorrhoids which don’t bother us. It is only because a baseline structure is present. But when veins inside the anus and outside the rectum swell up, thereby acquiring an enlarged structure. This can be uncomfortable and painful at times. Besides, if the condition intensifies, it can also cause rectal bleeding.

Who is Likely to Develop Piles?

People of any age except for children are likely to acquire symptomatic haemorrhoids. Greater chances of people developing piles are:

  • Consuming a low fibre diet regularly.
  • Obese or overweight.
  • Extensive straining during bowel movements.
  • Pregnant.
  • Lifting heavy objects regularly.
  • Spending lots of time during excretion.
  • Experiencing chronic diarrhoea and constipation.

Different Types of Piles or Haemorrhoids

Piles can be found both inside and outside the rectum. The different kinds of piles depend on the swollen structures of the veins. Since all haemorrhoids are not the same, the symptoms also widely differ. There are four distinct types of piles, and determining them will help patients find safe, effective and rightful relief.

The four types of haemorrhoids are:

  • Internal Haemorrhoids

Nerves or veins that usually swell and enlarge inside the rectum are internal haemorrhoids. These haemorrhoids tend to bleed in most cases, and patients can notice blood spots in their stool. This might sometimes lead to mucus discharge, thereby causing horrific pain.

This condition sometimes induces the feeling of rectum fullness where patients feel the need of using the washrooms. And they feel a sharp tingling pain inside their rectum. Sometimes, internal haemorrhoids prolapse, thereby poking out from the anal opening.

The prolapsed haemorrhoids have greater chances of inducing considerable pain and irritation as they become tender. The internal haemorrhoids are classified into four groups based on their severity.

The first group stays entirely within the rectum and can bleed profusely. The second group might sometimes prolapse and retreat to the original position during a bowel movement. The third group remains prolapsed, and sometimes the patients require to push them back into the rectum. The fourth and the final group haemorrhoids stains, itches, and bleeds continuously.

  • External Haemorrhoids

The swollen veins around the anus are known as external haemorrhoids. The area where the anus is positioned is susceptible, so external haemorrhoids are more painful. Sometimes it can be very itchy, thereby making the skin tear.

So there are greater chances that the area might crack, swell, and bleed, just like internal haemorrhoids. Patients developing external haemorrhoids can quickly feel them with their fingertips. So one can very well understand the lumps and bumps on the skin.

Mostly, doctors recommend system management procedures for curing external haemorrhoids. Patients increase the quantity of water consumption and also take stool softeners. This helps in considerably reducing the strain during excretion. And if the haemorrhoids have reached the maximum and extreme stage, then surgical procedures are undertaken to cure them.

  • Mixed Haemorrhoids

Some patients develop both internal and external haemorrhoids during the same time. These kinds of piles are known as mixed haemorrhoids. So patients must undergo various kinds of treatments to cure the two types.

Doctors and professionals usually recommend piles medicine to cure the disorder. But if the issue remains persistent over a considerable period, patients will have to undergo surgery. Surgeons generally undertake the method of hemorrhoidectomy for operating the same. 

Patients are provided with local anaesthesia while doctors cut around the anus to slice the enlarged nerves. Sometimes, while treating internal haemorrhoids, the external ones get removed automatically.

  • Thrombosed Haemorrhoids

There might be times when an external haemorrhoid becomes thrombosed and has more significant difficulty. This usually happens when a blood clot develops in the affected portion of the vein. Patients developing thrombosed haemorrhoids experience extreme pain. This pain develops all of a sudden and can sometimes be highly intolerable.

The external haemorrhoids might look blue because of the blood clot trapped inside. Sometimes a thrombosed haemorrhoid might clear up on its own, but there are times it requires special attention. Doctors recommend their patients a surgical excision or a drainage procedure in most cases.

To Conclude

Different types of haemorrhoids have different kinds of severity. Patients require treatment according to the type and severity of the haemorrhoids. If the severity is at a maximum level, it is always recommended to consult with a physician of Apollo Hospitals.

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